Legal status
Key organization Ministry of Health and Social Security (MOH) National Bioethics Committee (NBC) (Select “English” in the upper-right hand corner.)
Policy Research on IVF embryos is permitted if it is part of IVF treatment or if it is aimed at diagnosing hereditary diseases of embryos, advancing treatment for infertility or enhancing understanding of causes of congenital diseases and miscarriages. The informed consent of gamete donors is required. Human embryos can only be stored for up to 10 years and for implantation purposes only. It is forbidden to produce embryos for research purposes only, to cultivate embryos beyond 14 days outside the body, or to perform cloning. Creation of stem cell lines (even through SCNT) is allowed if well justified.
Legislation 2. Artificial Fertilization Act No. 55/1996 as Amended by Laws No. 65/2006, 27/2008, and 54/2008 (Icelandic)
Legislation Link
Embryonic stem cell research policy Excess human embryos may be used to create stem cell lines provided a licence for such activities has been granted.
Research with embryo Create embryos for research is forbidden.
Embryo donation and cryopreservation Article 9: Embryos may be stored for the purpose of transplanting them into the woman who provided the ova [or received them as a gift for use in in-vitro fertilisation]. The storage of embryos for other purposes is prohibited.
Somatic cell nuclear transfer SCNT is forbidden
Genetic modification or selection Any inheritable modification is forbidden.
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