Cell line and legal information per country

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  1. Austria

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    There is no legislation on stem cell research. Generation of hESC is prohibited and De facto, import or research with hESC is prohibited. The use of human embryos and gametes for research is banned. Procurement of hESCs and therapeutic and reproductive cloning are prohibited. Details

  2. Australia

    Cell lines29

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  3. Belgium

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    Research on hESC in Belgium is allowed and it is regulated by the law for research on in vitro embryos and the law on Medically Assisted Reproduction and the Destination of Supernumerary Embryos and Gametes (2007). For hESC derivation, embryos from surplus IVF embryos or, under certain conditions, created for research can be used. Reproductive cloning is prohibited. Details

    Cell lines27

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  4. Bulgaria

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is not directly regulated but falls within the Health Act (2004), whereby surplus IVF embryos can be used for research purposes, subject to the informed consent of the donor(s). Reproductive cloning of humans is prohibited. Details

  5. Brazil

    Cell lines1

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  6. Canada

    Cell lines5

  7. Switzerland

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed with IVF embryos up to 7 days post-fertilisation, under strict conditions and with informed consent, or with cells imported specifically for research purposes. Cloning is prohibited. The creation of embryos for research is prohibited. Details

    Cell lines4

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  8. China

    Cell lines42

  9. Costa Rica

  10. Cyprus

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research using IVF embryos is allowed if adequate protection of the embryo is ensured. No legal regulation on hES. Cloning is prohibited by the additional protocol to the convention for the protection of human rights and dignity of human being with regard to the application of biology and medicine, on the prohibition of cloning of human beings (2002). Details

  11. Czech

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed from hESC lines obtained from redundant IVF embryos under informed consent aproval and providing that the embryo is not older than 7 days; or from imported hESC lines. Research with hESC is regulated by law number 227/2006 on research on hESC and related activities. Reproductive cloning is prohibited. Details

    Cell lines18

  12. Germany

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    After December 2001, hESCs cannot be created or derived. Cloning is prohibited. hESC research is allowed only if imported cell lines produced before May 1, 2007 are used and only if proven vital for the development of new medical and scientific knowledge. Details

    Cell lines107

    hESC0:

    Not available.

  13. Denmark

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed but only if the surplus IVF embryo is used within 14 days of fertilisation and under donor(s) informed consent. hESC research is regulated by law number 460. Reproductive cloning is prohibited. Details

    Cell lines67

  14. Estonia

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    The 2003 Act deals with IVF embryos and their use in research, but there is no specific reference to hESC research. Reproductive cloning (by SCNT), is explicitly prohibited. There are no specific laws regulating biobanks. Details

  15. Spain

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed but with restrictions. Human cloning by SCNT is allowed for therapeutic and research purposes only. The creation of embryos exclusively for research and reproductive cloning is prohibited. Details

    Cell lines70

  16. Finland

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed with IVF embryos up to 14 days after fertilisation. Cloning is prohibited. SCNT is allowed by default, since under this legislation “embryo” is defined as a living group of cells resulting from fertilisation. Details

    Cell lines16

  17. France

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research using IVF embryos of up to 8 days is allowed, providing that the medical rationale is well founded, no other means are suitable to research the issue and informed consent is obtained. hESC imports are authorised. Cloning is prohibited. Details

    Cell lines33

  18. United Kingdom

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed, subject to a licence from the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA). Licensed research can only take place on IVF embryos up to 14 days after creation or the appearance of the primitive streak, whichever is the earlier. Research needs to prove necessary and aligned with the purposes of the laws, which include increasing knowledge about serious medical conditions, developing treatments for serious medical conditions, advancing the treatment of infertility, increasing knowledge about the causes of miscarriage, developing more effective contraception techniques, developing methods for detecting genetic or mitochondrial abnormalities in pre-implantation embryos, and increasing knowledge of embryonic development. Reproductive cloning is prohibited. specifically for research purposes, embryos created by SCNT, “admixed embryos” including hybrids (created from human and animal gametes), “cytoplasmic hybrids” (created by SCNT using human nuclei and animal oocytes), transgenic human embryos (created by introducing animal DNA into a human cell), chimeric human embryos (created by introducing one or more animal cells into a human embryo), or any other embryos that contain both human and animal DNA, but in which animal DNA is not predominant. Details

    Cell lines376

  19. Greece

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research using IVF embryos or aborted foetuses is allowed. Reproductive cloning is prohibited. The creation of human embryos for research only is prohibited. Details

  20. Croatia

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is prohibited, regulated by the Law on medically assisted reproduction (2009). Human reproductive cloning are prohibited. Details

  21. Hungary

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research using IVF embryos of up to 14 days is allowed. Embryos cannot be created for research purposes. Reproductive cloning is prohibited. Therapeutic cloning is prohibited but sex selection of the human embryo is allowed to avoid an inheritable disease. Details

  22. Ireland

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    No legislation on stem cell research. Details

    Cell lines1

    hESC0:

    Not available.

    hiPSC1:
  23. Israel

    Cell lines20

  24. India

    Cell lines9

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  25. Iran

    Cell lines26

  26. Italy

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is prohibited unless it is specifically aimed at improving the therapeutic and medical condition of the embryo concerned. Derivation of embryonic stem cell lines is prohibited. Embryonic cell import is allowed for research. Details

    Cell lines1

    hESC0:

    Not available.

  27. Japan

    Cell lines16

  28. South Korea

    Cell lines37

    hiPSC1:
  29. Lithuania

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is restricted to clinical observations (non-interventional trials). Other uses and the import and export of tissues of a human embryo, stem cells of a human embryo and lines thereof are prohibited. Details

  30. Luxembourg

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    No legislation on stem cell research. Details

  31. Latvia

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    Latvia has no specific regulations on hESC, but allow some research on supernumerary IVF embryos. Creation of human embryos por research purposes is prohibited. Details

  32. Malta

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    Currently there is no Embryonic Stem Cell or other embryonic regulation at all in Malta. Details

  33. Netherlands

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research using IVF embryos or embryos created for research is authorised if legally approved and only if the embryo is used within 14 days of fertilisation. Research is prohibited if its purpose is the birth of genetically identical individuals, germ line genetic modification, the combination of human and animal gametes aiming at the creation of multicellular hybrids, the creation and/or implantation of chimera, the implantation of human embryos into an animal and the implantation of animal embryos into a human. Embryo sex selection is prohibited unless there is risk of serious sex-linked hereditary disease. No distinction is made between research and treatment in the field of (stem) cell therapy. Details

    Cell lines7

  34. Poland

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    No legislation on stem cell research. De facto, embryonic research is prohibited, although not explicitly formulated as such because laws are old. Legally, human embryos are considered “conceived children” and thus cannot be involved in experimentation. hESC research is considered by the Polish Parliament as “inconsistent with Polish law”. Human embryos may not be used for non-therapeutic research. Details

  35. Portugal

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is only allowed with IVF embryos. The creation of embryos for research is prohibited. Details

  36. Romania

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    Stem cell research is allowed under official approvals, but there is no regulation on IVF, research on embryos, or embryonic stem cells. There is no specific law on human genetics. Cloning is prohibited. Details

  37. Russia

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    Legislation in Russia allows the use of embryonic stem cells derived from IVF embryos and from embryos created for research. Details

    Cell lines2

    hESC0:

    Not available.

  38. Sweden

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed if IVF embryos of up to 14 days post-fertilisation are used or after SCNT. Therapeutic cloning is allowed if hereditary genetic traits remain unchanged. Reproductive cloning is banned. Details

    Cell lines92

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  39. Singapore

    Cell lines14

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  40. Slovenia

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is allowed if IVF embryos up to 14 days post-fertilisation are used and if informed consent and official approval are obtained. The creation of embryos for research and cloning is prohibited. Details

  41. Slovakia

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is prohibited if it is not for the benefit of a specific embryo. Cloning is prohibited. Details

  42. Thailand

    Cell lines5

  43. Turkey

    Legislation & Regulation

    Summary:

    hESC research is not specifically prohibited. Details

    Cell lines18

    hiPSC0:

    Not available.

  44. Taiwan

    Cell lines9

    hiPSC1:
  45. United States

    Cell lines253