Large-scale hematopoietic differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells provides granulocytes or macrophages for cell replacement therapies


Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is capable of supporting the proliferation of a broad range of hematopoietic cell types, whereas granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and macrophage CSF (M-CSF) represent critical cytokines in myeloid differentiation. When this was investigated in a pluripotent-stem-cell-based hematopoietic differentiation model, IL-3/G-CSF or IL-3/M-CSF exposure resulted in the continuous generation of myeloid cells from an intermediate myeloid-cell-forming complex containing CD34(+) clonogenic progenitor cells for more than 2 months. Whereas IL-3/G-CSF directed differentiation toward CD45(+)CD11b(+)CD15(+)CD16(+)CD66b(+) granulocytic cells of various differentiation stages up to a segmented morphology displaying the capacity of cytokine-directed migration, respiratory burst response, and neutrophil-extracellular-trap formation, exposure to IL-3/M-CSF resulted in CD45(+)CD11b(+)CD14(+)CD163(+)CD68(+) monocyte/macrophage-type cells capable of phagocytosis and cytokine secretion. Hence, we show here that myeloid specification of human pluripotent stem cells by IL-3/G-CSF or IL-3/M-CSF allows for prolonged and large-scale production of myeloid cells, and thus is suited for cell-fate and disease-modeling studies as well as gene- and cell-therapy applications. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Authors Lachmann N, Ackermann M, Frenzel E, Liebhaber S, Brennig S, Happle C, Hoffmann D, Klimenkova O, Lüttge D, Buchegger T, Kühnel MP, Schambach A, Janciauskiene S, Figueiredo C, Hansen G, Skokowa J, Moritz T
Journal Stem cell reports
Publication Date 2015 Feb 10;4(2):282-96
PubMed 25680479
PubMed Central PMC4325194
DOI 10.1016/j.stemcr.2015.01.005

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