Quantitative Analysis of Intracellular Ca2+ Release and Contraction in hiPSC-Derived Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells
Vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMCs) are highly heterogeneous across different vascular beds. This is partly dictated by their developmental origin but also their position in the vascular tree, reflected in their differential responses to vasoactive agonists depending on which arteriolar or venular segment they are located. Functional assays are necessary to capture this heterogeneity in vitro since there are no markers that distinguish subtypes. Here we describe methods for determining real-time intracellular Ca2+ release and contraction in vSMCs of neural crest origin differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells using multiple protocols, and compare these with primary human brain vascular pericytes and smooth muscle cells. Open-source software was adapted for automated high-density analysis of Ca2+-release kinetics and contraction by tracking individual cells. Simultaneous measurements on hundreds of cells revealed heterogeneity in responses to vasoconstrictors that would likely be overlooked using manual low-throughput assays or marker expression. Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Authors||Halaidych OV, Cochrane A, van den Hil FE, Mummery CL, Orlova VV|
|Journal||Stem cell reports|
|Publication Date||2019 Apr 9;12(4):647-656|