Recurrent Genetic Abnormalities in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells: Definition and Routine Detection in Culture Supernatant by Targeted Droplet Digital PCR


Genomic integrity of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) is essential for research and clinical applications. However, genetic abnormalities can accumulate during hPSC generation and routine culture and following gene editing. Their occurrence should be regularly monitored, but the current assays to assess hPSC genomic integrity are not fully suitable for such regular screening. To address this issue, we first carried out a large meta-analysis of all hPSC genetic abnormalities reported in more than 100 publications and identified 738 recurrent genetic abnormalities (i.e., overlapping abnormalities found in at least five distinct scientific publications). We then developed a test based on the droplet digital PCR technology that can potentially detect more than 90% of these hPSC recurrent genetic abnormalities in DNA extracted from culture supernatant samples. This test can be used to routinely screen genomic integrity in hPSCs. Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Authors Assou S, Girault N, Plinet M, Bouckenheimer J, Sansac C, Combe M, Mianné J, Bourguignon C, Fieldes M, Ahmed E, Commes T, Boureux A, Lemaître JM, De Vos J
Journal Stem cell reports
Publication Date 2020 Jan 14;14(1):1-8
PubMed 31902703
PubMed Central PMC6962701
DOI 10.1016/j.stemcr.2019.12.004

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