Detection of genetic cardiac diseases by Ca2+ transient profiles using machine learning methods

Summary

Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have revolutionized cardiovascular research. Abnormalities in Ca2+ transients have been evident in many cardiac disease models. We have shown earlier that, by exploiting computational machine learning methods, normal Ca2+ transients corresponding to healthy CMs can be distinguished from diseased CMs with abnormal transients. Here our aim was to study whether it is possible to separate different genetic cardiac diseases (CPVT, LQT, HCM) on the basis of Ca2+ transients using machine learning methods. Classification accuracies of up to 87% were obtained for these three diseases, indicating that Ca2+ transients are disease-specific. By including healthy controls in the classifications, the best classification accuracy obtained was still high: approximately 79%. In conclusion, we demonstrate as the proof of principle that the computational machine learning methodology appears to be a powerful means to accurately categorize iPSC-CMs and could provide effective methods for diagnostic purposes in the future.

Authors Juhola M, Joutsijoki H, Penttinen K, Aalto-Setälä K
Journal Scientific reports
Publication Date 2018 Jun 19;8(1):9355
PubMed 29921843
PubMed Central PMC6008430
DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-27695-5

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