A new approach to analysis of intracellular proteins and subcellular localization using cellprofiler and imageJ in combination

Summary

Analytical pipeline, which is used for various analysis application, of CellProfiler, an open-source software for cell imaging analysis, is very important. In the present study, to examine whether intracellular proteins can be discriminated using a combination of CellProfiler and ImageJ, we analyzed neuroblastoma and monocytic cell lines, and disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived neurons. This revealed that scattered puncta of Rab7 and transferrin in neuroblastoma lines were clearly detectable by created analytical pipelines in CellProfiler. We then constructed pipelines for measuring the distance from the center of the nucleus to allow investigation of the intracellular localization of Rab7 or transferrin. Using CellProfiler and ImageJ in combination, we confirmed that our pipelines were applicable both quantitatively and objectively to analysis of membrane trafficking of proteins such as Rab proteins and transferrin. In addition, when applied to quantitative measurement of phagocytosis, our pipelines clearly detected monocytic cell lines that had engulfed bioparticles. Finally, we developed new pipelines for analysis of disease phenotype using iPSCs from a patient with familial Parkinson's disease (PD), harboring the I2020T LRRK2 mutation (PARK8). These were able to successfully detect Rab5 puncta and Rab7 puncta in PARK8 patient iPSC-derived neurons. Interestingly, in long-term culture, we found that the numbers of Rab7 puncta in a single PARK8 patient iPSC-derived neurons were lower than that of control iPSC-derived neurons. On the other hands, at 14 days in vitro, the numbers of Rab5 puncta in PARK8 patient iPSC-derived neurons were lower than those of isogenic iPSC-derived neurons, but not Rab7 puncta. Furthermore, Rab5 puncta of PARK8 patient iPSC-derived neurons exhibited distinct localization pattern relative to isogenic iPSC-derived neurons. These present results suggest that this new analytical tool can be used as a supporting method for quantification of intracellular protein. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Authors Hattori A, Ohta E, Nagai M, Iwabuchi K, Okano H
Journal Methods (San Diego, Calif.)
Publication Date 2021 Apr 26;
PubMed 33915291
DOI 10.1016/j.ymeth.2021.04.019

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