Pathogenic Factors Identification of Brain Imaging and Gene in Late Mild Cognitive Impairment


Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a dangerous signal of severe cognitive decline. It can be separated into two steps: early MCI (EMCI) and late MCI (LMCI). As the post-state of MCI and pre-state of Alzheimer's disease (AD), LMCI receives insufficient attention in the field of brain science, causing the internal mechanism of LMCI has not been well understood. To better explore the focus and pathological mechanism of LMCI, a method called genetic evolved random forest (GERF) is applied. Resting functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI) and gene data are obtained from 62 subjects (36 LMCI and 26 normal controls), and Pearson correlation analysis is adopted to perform the multimodal fusion of two types of data to construct fusion features. We identified pathogenic brain regions and genes that are highly related to LMCI using GERF and achieves a good effect. Compared with the normal control (NC) group, the abnormal brain regions of LMCI are PUT.L, PreCG.L, IFGtriang.R, REC.R, DCG.R, PoCG.L, and HES.L, and the pathogenic genes are FHIT, RF00019, FRMD4A, PTPRD, and RBFOX1. More importantly, most of these risk genes and abnormal brain regions have been confirmed to be related to AD and MCI in previous studies. In this study, we mapped them to LMCI with higher accuracies, so as to provide a more robust understanding of the physiological mechanism of MCI. © 2021. International Association of Scientists in the Interdisciplinary Areas.

Authors Bi XA, Li L, Xu R, Xing Z
Journal Interdisciplinary sciences, computational life sciences
Publication Date 2021 Sep;13(3):511-520
PubMed 34106420
DOI 10.1007/s12539-021-00449-0

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