Oxidized LDL-dependent pathway as new pathogenic trigger in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy


Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is hallmarked by ventricular fibro-adipogenic alterations, contributing to cardiac dysfunctions and arrhythmias. Although genetically determined (e.g., PKP2 mutations), ACM phenotypes are highly variable. More data on phenotype modulators, clinical prognosticators, and etiological therapies are awaited. We hypothesized that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-dependent activation of PPARγ, a recognized effector of ACM adipogenesis, contributes to disease pathogenesis. ACM patients showing high plasma concentration of oxLDL display severe clinical phenotypes in terms of fat infiltration, ventricular dysfunction, and major arrhythmic event risk. In ACM patient-derived cardiac cells, we demonstrated that oxLDLs are major cofactors of adipogenesis. Mechanistically, the increased lipid accumulation is mediated by oxLDL cell internalization through CD36, ultimately resulting in PPARγ upregulation. By boosting oxLDL in a Pkp2 heterozygous knock-out mice through high-fat diet feeding, we confirmed in vivo the oxidized lipid dependency of cardiac adipogenesis and right ventricle systolic impairment, which are counteracted by atorvastatin treatment. The modulatory role of oxidized lipids on ACM adipogenesis, demonstrated at cellular, mouse, and patient levels, represents a novel risk stratification tool and a target for ACM pharmacological strategies. © 2021 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.

Authors Sommariva E, Stadiotti I, Casella M, Catto V, Dello Russo A, Carbucicchio C, Arnaboldi L, De Metrio S, Milano G, Scopece A, Casaburo M, Andreini D, Mushtaq S, Conte E, Chiesa M, Birchmeier W, Cogliati E, Paolin A, König E, Meraviglia V, De Musso M, Volani C, Cattelan G, Rauhe W, Turnu L, Porro B, Pedrazzini M, Camera M, Corsini A, Tondo C, Rossini A, Pompilio G
Journal EMBO molecular medicine
Publication Date 2021 Sep 7;13(9):e14365
PubMed 34337880
PubMed Central PMC8422076
DOI 10.15252/emmm.202114365

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