Single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping of ALDH2 gene based on asymmetric PCR and fluorescent probe-mediated melting curves


Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is of great value in precision medicine. The polymorphism of the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene is caused by a G1510A transition, resulting in the substitution of glutamic acid by lysine at position 487. People of different ALDH2 genotypes show different susceptibility to cancer, metabolic diseases, etc. SNP analysis based on fluorescent probe-mediated melting curves is a relatively efficient and cost-effective method. Genomic DNA extracted from 100 whole blood samples was subjected to polymorphisms mutational analysis using asymmetric PCR and probe-mediated melting curves. Then a certain number of samples from each genotype were randomly selected for direct sequencing verification. The new assay can be performed in 2 h without post-PCR processing such as gel electrophoresis and validated by direct sequencing in a blind study with 100% concordance. Moreover, comparing the detection of polymorphisms of ALDH2 with the clinics, and an overall agreement of 100% (100/100) was demonstrated. Our study has shown a high level of concordance between DNA sequencing, which is suitable for the detection of clinical specimens. Based on the concept of probe-mediated melting curves, we further developed this platform as a universal strategy for the detection of polymorphisms related to folate metabolism. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Authors Zhang L, Liu D, Li B, Xie J, Liu J, Zhang Z
Journal Analytical biochemistry
Publication Date 2022 Apr 1;642:114509
PubMed 34864041
DOI 10.1016/j.ab.2021.114509

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