Wedelolactone ameliorates Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced inflammation and corneal injury by suppressing caspase-4/5/11/GSDMD-mediated non-canonical pyroptosis


Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) keratitis, a worldwide leading cause of corneal perforation and blindness, which is associated with contact lens usage. Increasing evidence has indicated that pyroptosis, a novel proinflammatory programmed cell death, is linked with ocular diseases, little is known about the role of noncanonical pyroptosis in microbial keratitis. Here, we first indicated the involvement of noncanonical pyroptosis in P. aeruginosa keratitis and investigated whether wedelolactone (WDL), a major active component of Eclipta prostrate known to target caspase-11, could alleviate P. aeruginosa keratitis development. We found the expression of caspase-4/5/11 and cleaved GSDMD in corneas of P. aeruginosa keratitis patients, animal models and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced primary cultured human corneal keratocytes (piHCKs) were increased. Combining ciprofloxacin with WDL significantly ameliorated the severity of P. aeruginosa keratitis, as manifested by decreased inflammatory responses and reduced corneal epithelial defects. Consistent with these findings, WDL also dose-dependently alleviated LPS-induced noncanonical pyroptosis by reversing the increased expression of caspase-4/5 and GSDMD in piHCKs. In summary, our results demonstrated that by targeting the activation of caspase-4/5/11, wedelolactone inhibited the development of P. aeruginosa keratitis and suppressed the release of proinflammatory cytokines. Wedelolactone may be a promising anti-inflammatory candidate to combat P. aeruginosa keratitis. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

Authors Xu S, Liu X, Liu X, Shi Y, Jin X, Zhang N, Li X, Zhang H
Journal Experimental eye research
Publication Date 2021 Oct;211:108750
PubMed 34481822
DOI 10.1016/j.exer.2021.108750

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