Stem cell therapy in liver regeneration: Focus on mesenchymal stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells


The liver has the ability to repair itself after injury; however, a variety of pathological changes in the liver can affect its ability to regenerate, and this could lead to liver failure. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered a good source of cells for regenerative medicine, as they regulate liver regeneration through different mechanisms, and their efficacy has been demonstrated by many animal experiments and clinical studies. Induced pluripotent stem cells, another good source of MSCs, have also made great progress in the establishment of organoids, such as liver disease models, and in drug screening. Owing to the recent developments in MSCs and induced pluripotent stem cells, combined with emerging technologies including graphene, nano-biomaterials, and gene editing, precision medicine and individualized clinical treatment may be realized in the near future. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Authors Zhang L, Ma XJ, Fei YY, Han HT, Xu J, Cheng L, Li X
Journal Pharmacology & therapeutics
Publication Date 2022 Apr;232:108004
PubMed 34597754
DOI 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2021.108004

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