Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell‒Derived Keratinocytes, a Useful Model to Identify and Explore the Pathological Phenotype of Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

Summary

Epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS), an autosomal dominant skin disorder, is characterized by skin fragility. Genetically, the majority of cases are related to missense sequence variations in two keratin genes K5 or K14, leading to cytolysis of basal keratinocytes (KCs) and intraepidermal blistering. Progress toward the identification of treatments has been hampered by an incomplete understanding of the mechanisms underlying this disease and availability of relevant and reliable in vitro models recapitulating the physiopathological mechanisms. Recent advances in stem cell field have fueled the prospect that these limitations could be overcome, thanks to the availability of disease-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). In this study, we generated hiPSC-derived KCs from patients carrying keratin gene K5-dominant sequence variations and compared them with nonaffected hiPSC-derived KCs as well as their primary counterparts. Our results showed that EBS hiPSC-derived KCs displayed proliferative defects, increased capacity to migrate, alteration of extracellular signal‒regulated kinase signaling pathway, and cytoplasmic keratin filament aggregates as observed in primary EBS KCs. Of interest, EBS hiPSC-derived KCs exhibited downregulation of hemidesmosomal proteins, revealing the different effects of keratin gene K5 sequence variations on keratin cytoskeletal organization. With a combination of culture miniaturization and treatment with the chaperone molecule 4-phenylbutyric acid, our results showed that hiPSC-derived KCs represent a suitable model for identifying novel therapies for EBS. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Authors Coutier J, Bonnette M, Martineau S, Mercadier A, Domingues S, Saidani M, Jarrige M, Polveche H, Darle A, Holic N, Hadj-Rabia S, Bodemer C, Lemaitre G, Martinat C, Baldeschi C
Journal The Journal of investigative dermatology
Publication Date 2022 Apr 28;
PubMed 35490743
DOI 10.1016/j.jid.2022.04.009

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