Versatile enzymology and heterogeneous phenotypes in cobalamin complementation type C disease


Nutritional deficiency and genetic errors that impair the transport, absorption, and utilization of vitamin B12 (B12) lead to hematological and neurological manifestations. The cblC disease (cobalamin complementation type C) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations and epi-mutations in the MMACHC gene and the most common inborn error of B12 metabolism. Pathogenic mutations in MMACHC disrupt enzymatic processing of B12, an indispensable step before micronutrient utilization by the two B12-dependent enzymes methionine synthase (MS) and methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MUT). As a result, patients with cblC disease exhibit plasma elevation of homocysteine (Hcy, substrate of MS) and methylmalonic acid (MMA, degradation product of methylmalonyl-CoA, substrate of MUT). The cblC disorder manifests early in childhood or in late adulthood with heterogeneous multi-organ involvement. This review covers current knowledge on the cblC disease, structure-function relationships of the MMACHC protein, the genotypic and phenotypic spectra in humans, experimental disease models, and promising therapies. © 2022.

Authors Esser AJ, Mukherjee S, Dereven'kov IA, Makarov SV, Jacobsen DW, Spiekerkoetter U, Hannibal L
Journal iScience
Publication Date 2022 Sep 16;25(9):104981
PubMed 36105582
PubMed Central PMC9464900
DOI 10.1016/j.isci.2022.104981

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