Fetal Nasal Bone Hypoplasia in the Second Trimester as a Marker of Multiple Genetic Syndromes


Nasal bone hypoplasia is associated with a trisomy of chromosome 21, 18 or 13. Nasal bone hypoplasia can also be seen in other, rarer genetic syndromes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential of nasal bone hypoplasia, in the second trimester of pregnancy, as a marker of fetal facial dysmorphism, associated with pathogenic copy number variation (CNV). This retrospective analysis of the invasive tests results in fetuses with nasal bone hypoplasia, after excluding those with trisomy 21, 18 and 13. In total, 60 cases with nasal bone hypoplasia were analyzed. Chromosomal aberrations were found in 7.1% of cases of isolated nasal bone hypoplasia, and in 57% of cases of nasal bone hypoplasia with additional malformations. Additionally, in four of nine cases with non-isolated nasal bone hypoplasia but normal CMA results, a monogenic disease was diagnosed. Non-isolated hypoplastic nasal bone appears to be an effective objective marker of fetal facial dysmorphism, associated with pathogenic CNVs or monogenic diseases. In isolated cases, chromosomal microarray testing can be of additional value if invasive testing is performed, e.g., for aneuploidy testing after appropriate counseling.

Authors Moczulska H, Serafin M, Wojda K, Borowiec M, Sieroszewski P
Journal Journal of clinical medicine
Publication Date 2022 Mar 10;11(6)
PubMed 35329839
PubMed Central PMC8954562
DOI 10.3390/jcm11061513

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