MicroRNA Expression Profile in TSC Cell Lines and the Impact of mTOR Inhibitor


The aim of this study was to assess the potential implication of microRNA on tuberous sclerosis (TSC) pathogenesis by performing microRNA profiling on cell lines silencing TSC1 or TSC2 genes using qPCR panels, before and after incubation with rapamycin. Significant differences in expression were observed between samples before and after rapamycin treatment in nineteen miRNAs in TSC1, five miRNAs in TSC2 and seven miRNAs in controls. Of miRNAs dysregulated before rapamycin treatment, three normalized after treatment in the TSC1 group (miR-21-3p, miR-433-3p, let-7g-3p) and one normalized in the TSC2 group (miR-1224-3p). Of the miRNAs dysregulated before rapamycin treatment in the TSC1 and TSC2 groups, two did not normalize after treatment (miR-33a-3p, miR-29a-3p). The results of the possible targets indicated that there are four common genes with seed regions susceptible to regulation by those miRNAs: ZBTB20, PHACTR2, PLXNC1 and ATP1B4. Our data show no changes in mRNA expression of these targets after rapamycin treatment. In conclusion, results of our study indicate the involvement of miRNA dysregulation in the pathogenesis of TSC. Some of the miRNA might be used as markers of treatment efficacy and autonomic miRNA as a target for future therapy.

Authors Pawlik B, Grabia S, Smyczyńska U, Fendler W, Dróżdż I, Liszewska E, Jaworski J, Kotulska K, Jóźwiak S, Młynarski W, Trelińska J
Journal International journal of molecular sciences
Publication Date 2022 Nov 21;23(22)
PubMed 36430972
DOI 10.3390/ijms232214493

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