Golgi damage caused by dysfunction of PiT-2 in primary familial brain calcification
The Golgi apparatus is vital for protein modification and molecular trafficking. It is essential for nerve development and activity, and damage thereof is implicated in many neurological diseases. Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a rare inherited neurodegenerative disease characterized by multiple brain calcifications. SLC20A2, which encodes the inorganic phosphate transporter 2 (PiT-2) protein, is the main pathogenic gene in PFBC. The PiT-2 protein is a sodium-dependent phosphate type III transporter, and dysfunction leads to a deficit in the cellular intake of inorganic phosphate (Pi) and calcium deposits. Whether the impaired Golgi apparatus is involved in the PFBC procession requires elucidation. In this study, we constructed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from two PFBC patients with different SLC20A2 gene mutations (c.613G > A or del exon10) and two healthy volunteers as dependable cell models for research on pathogenic mechanism. To study the mechanism, we differentiated iPSCs into neurons and astrocytes in vitro. Our study found disruptive Golgi structure and damaged autophagy in PFBC neurons with increased activity of mTOR. We also found damaged mitochondria and increased apoptosis in the PFBC dopaminergic neurons and astrocytes. In this study, we prove that dysfunctional PiT-2 leads to an imbalance of cellular Pi, which may disrupt the Golgi apparatus with impaired autophagy, mitochondria and apoptosis in PFBC. Our study provides a new avenue for understanding nerve damage and pathogenic mechanism in brain calcifications. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Authors||Sun H, Wang Z, Zhang Q, Chen N, Tang M, Yang Z, Xu Y, Kang J, Wang Y|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication Date||2022 Dec 23;642:167-174|