Culture and expansion of the human embryonic stem cell line HS181, evaluated in a double-color system


An approach of using RFP-transfected human foreskin fibroblasts (hFS-RFP) to support the growth of GFP expressing human embryonic stem cells (hES; HS181-GFP) is reported. The two-color system was applied to detect interactions between hFS and human embryonic stem cells (hES). After overnight culture, the hES cell colonies showed a behavior of "pushing away" the underlying feeder cells. This phenomenon occurred with both a low and high density of feeders. The density of the feeder cell layer, however, influenced the growth pattern of hES cell colonies. At a high feeder cell density, the hES colonies were more pointed and aligned with the direction of the fibroblasts, whereas less dense feeder layers allowed a more rounded and flat hES colony formation. Not surprisingly, a small fraction of mitotically inactivated feeder cells reattached after passage and remained viable in the cultures for up to four subsequent passages. The prospect of using the two-color system for detection of possible fusion events between hES cells and feeder cells was assessed by screening a large number of cell cultures for double RFP/EGFP expressing cells. The results indicate that fusion events are extremely rare (<10(-6)), or alternatively that after fusion the dual expression of both EGFP and RFP is not easily detected for other reasons. In summary, a two-color system allows analysis of colony formation and also helps to identify and follow the differentiation of cells.

Authors Imreh MP, Wolbank S, Unger C, Gertow K, Aints A, Szeles A, Imreh S, Hovatta O, Fried G, Dilber S, Ahrlund-Richter L
Journal Stem cells and development
Publication Date 2004 Aug;13(4):337-43
PubMed 15345126
DOI 10.1089/scd.2004.13.337

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