Glial Cultures Differentiated from iPSCs of Patients with PARK2-Associated Parkinson's Disease Demonstrate a Pro-Inflammatory Shift and Reduced Response to TNFα Stimulation
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative diseases characterized by progressive loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Mutations in the PARK2 gene are a frequent cause of familial forms of PD. Sustained chronic neuroinflammation in the central nervous system makes a significant contribution to neurodegeneration events. In response to inflammatory factors produced by activated microglia, astrocytes change their transcriptional programs and secretion profiles, thus acting as immunocompetent cells. Here, we investigated iPSC-derived glial cell cultures obtained from healthy donors (HD) and from PD patients with PARK2 mutations in resting state and upon stimulation by TNFα. The non-stimulated glia of PD patients demonstrated higher IL1B and IL6 expression levels and increased IL6 protein synthesis, while BDNF and GDNF expression was down-regulated when compared to that of the glial cells of HDs. In the presence of TNFα, all of the glial cultures displayed a multiplied expression of genes encoding inflammatory cytokines: TNFA, IL1B, and IL6, as well as IL6 protein synthesis, although PD glia responded to TNFα stimulation less strongly than HD glia. Our results demonstrated a pro-inflammatory shift, a suppression of the neuroprotective gene program, and some depletion of reactivity to TNFα in PARK2-deficient glia compared to glial cells of HDs.
|Authors||Gerasimova T, Stepanenko E, Novosadova L, Arsenyeva E, Shimchenko D, Tarantul V, Grivennikov I, Nenasheva V, Novosadova E|
|Journal||International journal of molecular sciences|
|Publication Date||2023 Jan 19;24(3)|