Biochemical Characteristics of iPSC-Derived Dopaminergic Neurons from N370S GBA Variant Carriers with and without Parkinson's Disease


GBA variants increase the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) by 10 times. The GBA gene encodes the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GCase). The p.N370S substitution causes a violation of the enzyme conformation, which affects its stability in the cell. We studied the biochemical characteristics of dopaminergic (DA) neurons generated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a PD patient with the GBA p.N370S mutation (GBA-PD), an asymptomatic GBA p.N370S carrier (GBA-carrier), and two healthy donors (control). Using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), we measured the activity of six lysosomal enzymes (GCase, galactocerebrosidase (GALC), alpha-glucosidase (GAA), alpha-galactosidase (GLA), sphingomyelinase (ASM), and alpha-iduronidase (IDUA)) in iPSC-derived DA neurons from the GBA-PD and GBA-carrier. DA neurons from the GBA mutation carrier demonstrated decreased GCase activity compared to the control. The decrease was not associated with any changes in GBA expression levels in DA neurons. GCase activity was more markedly decreased in the DA neurons of GBA-PD patient compared to the GBA-carrier. The amount of GCase protein was decreased only in GBA-PD neurons. Additionally, alterations in the activity of the other lysosomal enzymes (GLA and IDUA) were found in GBA-PD neurons compared to GBA-carrier and control neurons. Further study of the molecular differences between the GBA-PD and the GBA-carrier is essential to investigate whether genetic factors or external conditions are the causes of the penetrance of the p.N370S GBA variant.

Authors Grigor'eva EV, Kopytova AE, Yarkova ES, Pavlova SV, Sorogina DA, Malakhova AA, Malankhanova TB, Baydakova GV, Zakharova EY, Medvedev SP, Pchelina SN, Zakian SM
Journal International journal of molecular sciences
Publication Date 2023 Feb 23;24(5)
PubMed 36901867
PubMed Central PMC10002967
DOI 10.3390/ijms24054437

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