Application of Human Stem Cells to Model Genetic Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Meniere Disease
Genetic sensorineural hearing loss and Meniere disease have been associated with rare variations in the coding and non-coding region of the human genome. Most of these variants were classified as likely pathogenic or variants of unknown significance and require functional validation in cellular or animal models. Given the difficulties to obtain human samples and the raising concerns about animal experimentation, human-induced pluripotent stem cells emerged as cellular models to investigate the interaction of genetic and environmental factors in the pathogenesis of inner ear disorders. The generation of human sensory epithelia and neuron-like cells carrying the variants of interest may facilitate a better understanding of their role during differentiation. These cellular models will allow us to explore new strategies for restoring hearing and vestibular sensory epithelia as well as neurons. This review summarized the use of human-induced pluripotent stem cells in sensorineural hearing loss and Meniere disease and proposed some strategies for its application in clinical practice.
|Authors||Lamolda M, Frejo L, Gallego-Martinez A, Lopez-Escamez JA|
|Publication Date||2023 Mar 23;12(7)|