Generation of a human embryonic stem cell line (SMUDHe010-A-1B) carrying inducible DTA expression cassette in the AAVS1 locus by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated homologous recombination


Diphtheria toxin A (DTA) is an exotoxin secreted by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. After entering the cell through receptor-mediated manner, DTA can trigger the programmed cell death mechanism and lead to cell death. In 2001, Michiko Saito established a Diphtheria toxin receptor-mediated cell knockout system, which can conditional deplete specific cell type in transgenic mice. This system is not only very useful in the pathogenesis study of human diseases, but also has a wide application prospect in the study of organ development and regeneration. In 2008, David Voehringer described a newly generated mouse strain that encodes DTA under control of a loxP-flanked stop cassette in the ubiquitously expressed ROSA26 locus. Thereby, it can be used in combination with tissue-specific and/or inducible Cre-expressing mouse strains to achieve toxin-mediated cell ablation in vivo. The application of DTA-mediated cell knockout system in mice has been widely reported, but it has rarely been used in human cells. Accordingly, we generated a human embryonic stem cell line (SMUDHe010-A-1B) carrying inducible DTA expression cassette (loxp-stop-loxp-DTA, LSL-DTA) using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated homologous recombination. The cell line preserves normal karyotype, pluripotency and the ability to differentiate into all three germ layers. Moreover, the cell line can be used to prepare human organoid, which may provide a model for achieving conditional cell ablation in human tissues and organs. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Authors Qiu B, Zheng W, Zhong Y, Liu H, Yu J, Luo Y, Liu J, Yang B
Journal Stem cell research
Publication Date 2024 Feb;74:103283
PubMed 38103335
DOI 10.1016/j.scr.2023.103283

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