Detection of ER Stress in iPSC-Derived Neurons Carrying the p.N370S Mutation in the GBA1 Gene


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the pathogenesis of many human diseases, such as cancer, type 2 diabetes, kidney disease, atherosclerosis and neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Parkinson's disease (PD). Since there is currently no treatment for PD, a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis, including the mechanisms of the switch from adaptation in the form of unfolded protein response (UPR) to apoptosis under ER stress conditions, may help in the search for treatment methods. Genetically encoded biosensors based on fluorescent proteins are suitable tools that facilitate the study of living cells and visualization of molecular events in real time. The combination of technologies to generate patient-specific iPSC lines and genetically encoded biosensors allows the creation of cell models with new properties. Using CRISPR-Cas9-mediated homologous recombination at the AAVS1 locus of iPSC with the genetic variant p.N370S (rs76763715) in the GBA1 gene, we created a cell model designed to study the activation conditions of the IRE1-XBP1 cascade of the UPR system. The cell lines obtained have a doxycycline-dependent expression of the genetically encoded biosensor XBP1-TagRFP, possess all the properties of human pluripotent cells, and can be used to test physical conditions and chemical compounds that affect the development of ER stress, the functioning of the UPR system, and in particular, the IRE1-XBP1 cascade.

Authors Yarkova ES, Grigor'eva EV, Medvedev SP, Tarasevich DA, Pavlova SV, Valetdinova KR, Minina JM, Zakian SM, Malakhova AA
Journal Biomedicines
Publication Date 2024 Mar 27;12(4)
PubMed 38672099
PubMed Central PMC11047942
DOI 10.3390/biomedicines12040744

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