Molecular clues unveiling spinocerebellar ataxia type-12 pathogenesis


Spinocerebellar Ataxia type-12 (SCA12) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by tandem CAG repeat expansion in the 5'-UTR/non-coding region of PPP2R2B. Molecular pathology of SCA12 has not been studied in the context of CAG repeats, and no appropriate models exist. We found in human SCA12-iPSC-derived neuronal lineage that expanded CAG in PPP2R2B transcript forms nuclear RNA foci and were found to sequester variety of proteins. Further, the ectopic expression of transcript containing varying length of CAG repeats exhibits non-canonical repeat-associated non-AUG (RAN) translation in multiple frames in HEK293T cells, which was further validated in patient-derived neural stem cells using specific antibodies. mRNA sequencing of the SCA12 and control neurons have shown a network of crucial transcription factors affecting neural fate, in addition to alteration of various signaling pathways involved in neurodevelopment. Altogether, this study identifies the molecular signatures of SCA12 disorder using patient-derived neuronal cell lines. © 2024 The Author(s).

Authors Kumar M, Sahni S, A V, Kumar D, Kushwah N, Goel D, Kapoor H, Srivastava AK, Faruq M
Journal iScience
Publication Date 2024 May 17;27(5):109768
PubMed 38711441
PubMed Central PMC11070597
DOI 10.1016/j.isci.2024.109768

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