Generation of GABAergic striatal neurons by a novel iPSC differentiation protocol enabling scalability and cryopreservation of progenitor cells

Summary

Cell models are promising tools for studying hereditary human neurodegenerative diseases. Neuronal derivatives of pluripotent stem cells provide the opportunity to investigate different stages of the neurodegeneration process. Therefore, easy and large-scale production of relevant cell types is a crucial barrier to overcome. In this work, we present an alternative protocol for iPSC differentiation into GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSNs). The first stage involved dual-SMAD signalling inhibition through treatment with SB431542 and LDN193189, which results in the generation of neuroectodermal cells. Moreover, we used bFGF as a neuronal survival factor and dorsomorphin to inhibit BMP signalling. The combined treatment of dorsomorphin and SB431542 significantly enhanced neuronal induction, which was confirmed by the increased expression of the telencephalic-specific markers SOX1 and OTX2 as well as the forebrain marker PAX6. The next stage involved the derivation of actively proliferating MSN progenitor cells. An important feature of our protocol at this stage is the ability to perform prolonged cultivation of precursor cells at a high density without losing phenotypic properties. Moreover, the protocol enables multiple expansion steps (> 180 days cultivation) and cryopreservation of MSN progenitors. Therefore, this method allows quick production of a large number of neurons that are relevant for basic research, large-scale drug screening, and toxicological studies.

Authors Grigor'eva EV, Malankhanova TB, Surumbayeva A, Pavlova SV, Minina JM, Kizilova EA, Suldina LA, Morozova KN, Kiseleva E, Sorokoumov ED, Lebedev IN, Zakian SM, Malakhova AA
Journal Cytotechnology
Publication Date 2020 Jun 9;
PubMed 32519278
DOI 10.1007/s10616-020-00406-7

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