SCYL1 arginine methylation by PRMT1 is essential for neurite outgrowth via Golgi morphogenesis


Arginine methylation is a common posttranslational modification that modulates protein function. SCY1-like pseudokinase 1 (SCYL1) is crucial for neuronal functions and interacts with γ2-COP to form coat protein complex I (COPI) vesicles that regulate Golgi morphology. However, the molecular mechanism by which SCYL1 is regulated remains unclear. Here, we report that the γ2-COP-binding site of SCYL1 is arginine-methylated by protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) and that SCYL1 arginine methylation is important for the interaction of SCYL1 with γ2-COP. PRMT1 was colocalized with SCYL1 in the Golgi fraction. Inhibition of PRMT1 suppressed axon outgrowth and dendrite complexity via abnormal Golgi morphology. Knockdown of SCYL1 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited axon outgrowth, and the inhibitory effect was rescued by siRNA-resistant SCYL1, but not SCYL1 mutant, in which the arginine methylation site was replaced. Thus, PRMT1 regulates Golgi morphogenesis via SCYL1 arginine methylation. We propose that SCYL1 arginine methylation by PRMT1 contributes to axon and dendrite morphogenesis in neurons.

Authors Amano G, Matsuzaki S, Mori Y, Miyoshi K, Han S, Shikada S, Takamura H, Yoshimura T, Katayama T
Journal Molecular biology of the cell
Publication Date 2020 Aug 15;31(18):1963-1973
PubMed 32583741
PubMed Central PMC7543066
DOI 10.1091/mbc.e20-02-0100

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