A Link between Intrahepatic Cholestasis and Genetic Variations in Intracellular Trafficking Regulators
Intrahepatic cholestasis is characterized by the accumulation of compounds in the serum that are normally secreted by hepatocytes into the bile. Genes associated with familial intrahepatic cholestasis (FIC) include ATP8B1 (FIC1), ABCB11 (FIC2), ABCB4 (FIC3), TJP2 (FIC4), NR1F4 (FIC5) and MYO5B (FIC6). With advanced genome sequencing methodologies, additional mutated genes are rapidly identified in patients presenting with idiopathic FIC. Notably, several of these genes, VPS33B, VIPAS39, SCYL1, and AP1S1, together with MYO5B, are functionally associated with recycling endosomes and/or the Golgi apparatus. These are components of a complex process that controls the sorting and trafficking of proteins, including those involved in bile secretion. These gene variants therefore suggest that defects in intracellular trafficking take a prominent place in FIC. Here we review these FIC-associated trafficking genes and their variants, their contribution to biliary transporter and canalicular protein trafficking, and, when perturbed, to cholestatic liver disease. Published variants for each of these genes have been summarized in table format, providing a convenient reference for those who work in the intrahepatic cholestasis field.
|Authors||Li Q, Sun Y, van IJzendoorn SCD|
|Publication Date||2021 Feb 4;10(2)|