PAX6-positive microglia evolve locally in hiPSC-derived ocular organoids


Microglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS). They govern the immunogenicity of the retina, which is considered to be part of the CNS; however, it is not known how microglia develop in the eye. Here, we studied human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) that had been expanded into a self-formed ectodermal autonomous multi-zone (SEAM) of cells that partially mimics human eye development. Our results indicated that microglia-like cells, which have characteristics of yolk-sac-like linage cells, naturally develop in 2D eye-like SEAM organoids, which lack any vascular components. These cells are unique in that they are paired box protein 6 (PAX6)-positive, yet they possess some characteristics of mesoderm. Collectively, the data support the notion of the existence of an isolated, locally developing immune system in the eye, which is independent of the body's vasculature and general immune system. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Authors Shiraki N, Maruyama K, Hayashi R, Oguchi A, Murakawa Y, Katayama T, Takigawa T, Sakimoto S, Quantock AJ, Tsujikawa M, Nishida K
Journal Stem cell reports
Publication Date 2022 Feb 8;17(2):221-230
PubMed 35030319
PubMed Central PMC8828554
DOI 10.1016/j.stemcr.2021.12.009

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