Comparison of the molecular profiles of human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells of isogenic origin


Many studies have compared the genetic and epigenetic profiles of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and yet the picture remains unclear. To address this, we derived a population of neural precursor cells (NPCs) from the H1 (WA01) hESC line and generated isogenic iPSC lines by reprogramming. The gene expression and methylation profile of three lines were compared to the parental line and intermediate NPC population. We found no gene probe with expression that differed significantly between hESC and iPSC samples under undifferentiated or differentiated conditions. Analysis of the global methylation pattern also showed no significant difference between the two PSC populations. Both undifferentiated populations were distinctly different from the intermediate NPC population in both gene expression and methylation profiles. One point to note is that H1 is a male line and so extrapolation to female lines should be cautioned. However, these data confirm our previous findings that there are no significant differences between hESCs and hiPSCs at the gene expression or methylation level. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Authors Mallon BS, Hamilton RS, Kozhich OA, Johnson KR, Fann YC, Rao MS, Robey PG
Journal Stem cell research
Publication Date 2014 Mar;12(2):376-86
PubMed 24374290
PubMed Central PMC4157340
DOI 10.1016/j.scr.2013.11.010

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