Dense 4D nanoscale reconstruction of living brain tissue


Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of living brain tissue down to an individual synapse level would create opportunities for decoding the dynamics and structure-function relationships of the brain's complex and dense information processing network; however, this has been hindered by insufficient 3D resolution, inadequate signal-to-noise ratio and prohibitive light burden in optical imaging, whereas electron microscopy is inherently static. Here we solved these challenges by developing an integrated optical/machine-learning technology, LIONESS (live information-optimized nanoscopy enabling saturated segmentation). This leverages optical modifications to stimulated emission depletion microscopy in comprehensively, extracellularly labeled tissue and previous information on sample structure via machine learning to simultaneously achieve isotropic super-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio and compatibility with living tissue. This allows dense deep-learning-based instance segmentation and 3D reconstruction at a synapse level, incorporating molecular, activity and morphodynamic information. LIONESS opens up avenues for studying the dynamic functional (nano-)architecture of living brain tissue. © 2023. The Author(s).

Authors Velicky P, Miguel E, Michalska JM, Lyudchik J, Wei D, Lin Z, Watson JF, Troidl J, Beyer J, Ben-Simon Y, Sommer C, Jahr W, Cenameri A, Broichhagen J, Grant SGN, Jonas P, Novarino G, Pfister H, Bickel B, Danzl JG
Journal Nature methods
Publication Date 2023 Aug;20(8):1256-1265
PubMed 37429995
PubMed Central PMC10406607
DOI 10.1038/s41592-023-01936-6

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