Hypoimmunogenic Human Pluripotent Stem Cells as a Powerful Tool for Liver Regenerative Medicine


Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) have huge potential as cell therapy for various diseases, given their potential for unlimited self-renewal and capability to differentiate into a wide range of cell types. Although autologous iPSCs represents the ideal source for patient-tailored regenerative medicine, the high costs of the extensive and time-consuming production process and the impracticability for treating acute conditions hinder their use for broad applications. An allogeneic iPSC-based strategy may overcome these issues, but it carries the risk of triggering an immune response. So far, several approaches based on genome-editing techniques to silence human leukocyte antigen class I (HLA-I) or II (HLA-II) expression have been explored to overcome the immune rejection of allogeneic iPSCs. In this study, we employed the CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9) system to delete the β2-Microglobulin (B2M) and the Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Transactivator (CIITA) genes, essential for the correct surface expression of HLA-I and HLA-II proteins. The resulting hypoimmunogenic iPSC line has a normal karyotype, expresses the pluripotency stem cell markers, and is capable of differentiating into the three embryonic germ layers. Furthermore, we showed that it specifically retains the ability to differentiate towards different liver cells, such as endothelial-like cells, hepatocyte-like cells, and hepatic stellate-like cells. Our results indicate that hypoimmunogenic iPSCs could give a new cost-effective and off-the-shelf opportunity for cell therapy in liver diseases.

Authors Trionfini P, Romano E, Varinelli M, Longaretti L, Rizzo P, Giampietro R, Caroli A, Aiello S, Todeschini M, Casiraghi F, Remuzzi G, Benigni A, Tomasoni S
Journal International journal of molecular sciences
Publication Date 2023 Jul 22;24(14)
PubMed 37511568
PubMed Central PMC10380710
DOI 10.3390/ijms241411810

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