Trehalose to cryopreserve human pluripotent stem cells


The successful exploitation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) for research, translational or commercial reasons requires the implementation of a simple and efficient cryopreservation method. Cryopreservation is usually performed with dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO), in addition to animal proteins. However, even at sub-toxic levels, DMSO diminishes the pluripotency capacity of hPSCs and affects their epigenetic system by acting on the three DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts) and histone modification enzymes. Our study aimed to test trehalose-based cryosolutions containing ethylene glycol (EG) or glycerol (GLY) on hESCs RC17, hiPSCs CTR2#6 and long-term neuroepithelial-like stem cells (lt-NES) AF22. Here, we demostrate the effectiveness of these cryosolutions in hPSCs by showing an acceptable rate of cell viability and high stability compared to standard 10% DMSO freezing medium (CS10). All cell lines retained their morphology, self renewal potential and pluripotency, and none of the cryosolutions affected their differentiation potential. Genotoxicity varied among different stem cells types, while trehalose-based cryopreservation did not sensibly alter the homeostasis of endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This study provides evidence that pluripotent and neural stem cells stored in trehalose alone or with other cryoprotectants (CPAs) maintain their functional properties, indicating their potential use in cell therapies if produced in good manufacturing practice (GMP) facility. Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Authors Ntai A, La Spada A, De Blasio P, Biunno I
Journal Stem cell research
Publication Date 2018 Aug;31:102-112
PubMed 30071393
DOI 10.1016/j.scr.2018.07.021

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