Losartan protects human stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes from angiotensin II-induced alcoholic cardiotoxicity


Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a myocardial injury caused by long-term heavy drinking. Existing evidence indicates that high levels of oxidative stress are the key to pathological cardiomyopathy caused by long-term exposure to high concentrations of alcohol, while angiotensin II (AngII) and its type 1 receptor (AT1R) play an important role in excessive drinking. Whether oxidative stress-induced damage in ACM is related to AngII and AT1R is unclear, and the effects of alcohol on the electrophysiology of myocardial cells have not been reported. Most existing studies have used animal models. This study established an in vitro model of ACM based on human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs). The transcriptional profiling of alcohol treatment was performed by RNA-seq analysis. The role of oxidative stress, the expression of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX), and the role of AngII and AT1R in the overactivation of oxidative stress were studied using fluorescent labeling, Western blotting, and high-content quantitative analysis. Real-time cell analysis(RTCA) and microelectrode array (MEA) were used to continuously monitor myocardial beating, observe the effects of alcohol on myocardial electrophysiological activity, and clarify the protective effects of the AT1R blocker losartan on ACM. We found that AngII and AT1R contribute to the effects of alcohol on the myocardium through oxidative stress damage, the mechanism of which may be achieved by regulating NOX. © 2022. The Author(s).

Authors Song Y, Li H, Ma S, Zhu M, Lu WJ, Lan F, Cui M
Journal Cell death discovery
Publication Date 2022 Mar 28;8(1):134
PubMed 35347130
PubMed Central PMC8960777
DOI 10.1038/s41420-022-00945-2

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