Derivation and characterization of four new human embryonic stem cell lines: the Danish experience
In September 2003, legislation approved in Denmark legalized work on surplus human embryos from IVF for clinical purposes to establish human embryonic stem (ES) cell cultures. The aim of this study was to establish such stem cell lines. Fresh surplus embryos were donated after informed consent from the donors. Embryos were cultured into blastocysts and using the immunosurgery procedure, inner cell masses were isolated and cultured on irradiated human foreskin fibroblasts in KnockOut D-MEM supplemented with KnockOut Serum Replacement, bFGF, and LIF. Within a period of 12 months, 198 embryos were donated. Four isolated inner cell masses developed into putative ES cell lines, CLS1, CLS2, CLS3, CLS4, which have now been continuously cultured for eight months, corresponding to 30 passages. These cells expressed markers for undifferentiated human ES cells: stage-specific embryonic antigen-4, tumour-related antigen (TRA)-1-60, TRA-1-81, OCT4, NANOG, SOX2, and FGF4. The cells expressed high levels of telomerase activity, had a normal karyotype, and have been successfully cryopreserved and thawed. Finally, the cells displayed the potential to differentiate in vitro into cell types originating from all three germ layers. It is thought that the cell lines described in this study are the first human ES cells established in Denmark.
|Authors||Lysdahl H, Gabrielsen A, Minger SL, Patel MJ, Fink T, Petersen K, Ebbesen P, Zachar V|
|Journal||Reproductive biomedicine online|
|Publication Date||2006 Jan;12(1):119-26|