Karyotypically normal and abnormal human embryonic stem cell lines derived from PGD-analyzed embryos
Although a normal karyotype is generally a requirement for stem cell lines, new applications are likely to emerge for stem cells with defined chromosomal aneuploidies. We therefore investigated the use of embryos found to be aneuploid on biopsy followed by preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and developmentally arrested embryos for stem cell derivation. Eleven stem cell lines were obtained from 41 embryos in 36 cultures, with higher success rate achieved from PGD-analyzed, developmentally advanced embryos (45%) than from clinically unsuitable non-PGD embryos (13%). The resulting stem cell lines were karyotyped, and surprisingly, six of the nine lines from aneuploid embryos as well as both lines from non-PGD embryos were karyotypically normal. Three lines from PGD embryos were aneuploid exhibiting trisomy 5, trisomy 16, and an isochromosome 13, respectively. None of the aneuploid lines presented the same anomally as the original PGD analysis. Our study has three important implications. First, we confirm the ability to produce stem cell lines from PGD-tested embryos as well as developmentally abnormal embryos, offering specialty stem cell lines for research into the clinically important aneuploidies. Second, we observe that stem cell derivation from apparently aneuploid embryos is often thwarted by underlying mosaicism and emerging dominance of the stem cell line by karyotypically normal cells. The corollary, however, is that regular production of normal stem cell lines from developmentally abnormal embryos ordinarity discarded opens a new source of embryos for stem cells, whether for research or for eventual therapeutic use within the donating families.
|Authors||Peura T, Bosman A, Chami O, Jansen RP, Texlova K, Stojanov T|
|Journal||Cloning and stem cells|
|Publication Date||2008 Jun;10(2):203-16|